Signs of Head Injury
Head Injuries are referred to clinically as traumatic brain injuries (TBI), occurring when an outside force acts causes temporary or long term damage to the brain. The force can be direct, such as a punch, blow from an object or hard surface impacting the head. The force can also result from whipping or torqueing, commonly seen in diagnoses of shaken baby syndrome.
In cases of concussions, also classified as closed head injuries, an external force creates a collision between the brain and the inside surface of the skull. The brain can compress and expand, behaving almost like a rubbery sponge. In examples of open head injuries, the skull is penetrated or severely crushed by an object such as a bullet. The object penetrates the skull and damages the brain across its path of travel.
Recognizing the 14 Signs of a Head Injury
Immediately following an accident or collision, a head injury victim may begin to show symptoms of damage to the brain. In cases of concussions, symptoms may worsen, persist or resurface if not recognized and treated properly at first onset.
Effectively managing head injuries and obtaining the necessary treatment can depend on the swift recognition of 14 types of symptoms:
- Any loss of consciousness
- Appearing confused or disoriented
- Short or long term memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
- Dizziness, trouble with basic balance
- Nausea / vomiting
- Sensory issues
- Sensitivity to light or sounds, frequent headaches
- Feeling anxious or depressed, mood swings
- Trouble Sleeping, sleeping longer or more frequently than usual
- Convulsions or seizure
- Dilation of one or both pupils
- Loss of coordination
- Clear fluid leaking from the ears or nose
7 Common Causes of a Head Injury
- Auto Accident
- Slip and Fall, Fall from Heights
- Sports Accident
- Violence / Assault
- Domestic / Child Abuse
- Falling Objects
- Bicycling Accident / Fall
Treat all Potential Head Injuries Serious and Expeditiously
Parents should always seek medical care in any suspected cases of a blow to their child’s head. A simple fall in the street or at home is enough to cause a concussion. A doctor’s basic office screening will help to detect any evidence of brain injury.
Adults should seek emergency medical care if any of the 14 common symptoms described above occur after a head injury. Most adults know their bodies and habits well enough to detect a slight imbalance. Even experiencing the mildest symptoms following a blow to the head, such as an increased desire to sleep or headaches, needs to be taken seriously and is suitable cause for medical evaluation. At times, a patient’s own recognition of warning signs can be the best indication that medical attention is required.
As more people become aware of the dangers and long-term effects of concussions and other head injuries, more are seeking treatment. An early intervention and treatment plan is important to beginning recovery and restoration of quality of life. Undiagnosed head injuries have the potential to worsen and have a major impact on a person’s life. Early diagnosis and treatment is a patient’s best bet against enduring any unnecessary hardships or complications.